While the country seemed excited when Prime Minister Narendra Modi publicized a diamond quadrilateral of bullet trains to attach the four major cities of Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata and Chennai in his undertaking called “Smart cities” project, critics have a lot to say. There are details to be happy about this project and there are details that drive us to ponder if this is the first priority of a nation with mainstream of its population below lack line. Let us look at it from all opinion of views and make our own opinion on this.
Pros of Bullet trains:
- Speed: High speed is one of the main motives for the suggestion of this idea when it was first started in India. Main cities linking with towns of economic growth face the problem of fast transport. This would save time and boost trades amongst the connected cities. Reduction in commuting time is greatly obligatory in Mumbai and other metro cities where a lot of time is spent in the process.
- Comfort: These trains would utilize high grade knowledge to provide relaxed journey of long hours within just a few hours. Improvising on the comfort level of train journeys have been a lost factor in Indian railways and the outline of bullet trains would be a great growth in this factor.
- Safety: Previous there were questions elevated on the safety issues of these high haste trains but the network of Japan shows outstanding records of safety. Ever since the bullet trains started in 1964, has reported zero fatalities.
- Avoid overcrowding: Creating commuting easier from small city to major cities would lessen the crowd of payment and migration in major cities which would decrease pressure on growing urban areas. Chief Minister has rightly stated decongestion of Bangalore as one of the reasons for the bullet train.
- Stronger and eco-friendly: Not only these High haste trains are stronger enough to carry heavier weight but are also ecological as they do not require deforestations to set tracks. It is a modern and technologically advanced means of conveyance which can be a step towards development and growth in India.
Cons of bullet trains:
- Cost of structure: The cost of laying a bullet-train corridor is projected to cost up to Rs 100 crore a kilometre. After summing up the prices of signals, rolling stock, etc, the cost can rise up to Rs 115 crore a km. Process and maintenance costs would also be high.
- High fares: Fares of these trains would be high too in order to recompense the expenses and upkeep. One way fare on Mumbai-Ahmadabad route is projected to be about Rs 5,000. Quite few Indians would be able to have enough money travelling with these expenditures. And even those who would be eager to pay such a high price might prefer roving planes instead. If this factor is not careful, then the project might show to be a loss for the government.
- Time consuming project: The project is at its initial level of development and it is predicted that the application of the plan would take years. In between if there is a change in government, and then the project could face the penalties.
- Land acquisition: For laying tracks, there would be subjects of land gaining which might trigger anger amongst masses whose everyday living might come under menace. For instance placing these tracks in Mumbai would need acquisition of land which has the largest favelas in the city.
- Other issues: This project might have other matters under India’s present disorder including afflicting of power sector, choice of speed and device, minimum length of the route for the viability of the scheme, etc. It is important to understand whether or not India is prepared for this change.
Bullet train has arrays of pros and cons under India’s current situations and they need to be properly handled so that it brings prosperity and development in the nation and not debacles. Every issue must be considered wisely and protection of people’s living should not be compromised. There are risks in this development but without risks nothing big can be learned.