What’s the caste scheme?
Broadly speaking, a caste system is a procedure of placing people in work-related groups. It has pervaded several facets of Indian society for periods. Rooted in religion and founded on a division of labour, the caste system, among other things, commands the type of occupations a person can pursue and the social connections that she may have. Castes are an aspect of Hindu religion. Other faiths in India do not follow this system.
Castes are ranked in ranked order (originally, the system wasn’t to have a hierarchy based on occupation or natal but purely on personality; this has been skewed someway over time), which determines the behaviour of one member of society over additional. Even in a modern commercial setting, where caste isn’t openly recognized, there may be subtle observances of community or family-style ranking. For instance, a new official may address a senior person, not necessarily his superior.
How it’s structured
India’s caste system has four main classes (also called varnas) based first on personality, profession, and natal. In descending order, the lessons are as follows:
Brahmana (now more commonly spelled Brahmin): Contain of those engaged in biblical education and education, essential for the continuance of knowledge.
Kshatriya: Take on all forms of public service, including management, maintenance of law and order, and defines.
Vaishya: Engage in profitable activity as businessmen.
Shudra: Work as semi-skilled and unskilled labourers.
The most obvious problematic with this system was that under its inflexibility, the lower castes were banned from aspiring to climb higher, and, so, economic progress was restricted.
Mahatma Gandhi, the father of contemporary India, made the lower castes and outcast’s a fifth, lowly class with the name Harijan, or “children of God.” You see many orientations to SC and ST in India, in newspapers, administration announcements, and so on. These initials refer to Scheduled Castes and Arranged Tribes — scheduled is what Harijan is translated into today. The government is subtle about reserving seats in colleges and job opportunities for them. But the administration has legislature to make up for the past suppression and domination of the inferior castes.
How it works
Castes still rarely intermarry and are certainly not variable. In urban India, though, people of all castes meet as a friend or for business. Discerning against anyone because of their caste for things like club associations and so on is against the law.